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Table of Contents

Name

DS2438 - Smart Battery Monitor

Synopsis

Temperature Voltages (Humidity) and Memory.

26 [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ current | date | disconnect/date | disconnect/udate | endcharge/date | endcharge/udate | humidity | Ienable | offset | pages/page.[0-7|ALL] | temperature | udate | VAD | VDD | address | crc8 | id | locator | present | r_address | r_id | r_locator | type ]]

Family Code

26

Special Properties

date

read-write, ascii
26 character date representation of the counter value. Increments once per second.
Setting date to a null string will put the current system time.
Accepted date formats are:
Sat[urday] March 12 12:23:59 2001

Apr[il] 4 9:34:56 2002

3/23/04 23:34:57

current locale setting (your system’s format)

current

read-only, integer
Current reading. Actual current depends on Rsens resistor (see datasheet).
The formula for current is I = current /(4096*Rsens)
with units in Amps and Ohms.
Current measurement will be temporarily enabled (see Ienable ) if not currently enabled (pun intended) for this reading.

disconnect/date

read-write, ascii
26 character date representation of the disconnect/udate value. Time when the battery pack waws removed from the charger. Format is the same as the date property.

disconnect/udate

read-write, unsigned integer
Representation of disconnect/date as a number. See udate for details.

endcharge/date

read-write, ascii
26 character date representation of the endcharge/udate value. Format is the same as the date property.

endcharge/udate

read-write, unsigned integer
Representation of endcharge/date as a number. See udate for details.

humidity

read-only, floating point
Relative humidity, as percent (1-100 scale).
The DS2438 actually does not read humidity, but a widely available and publicised circuit based on the chip, does. See the datasheets for details.

Ienable

read-write, unsigned integer
Status of current monitoring. When enabled, current sensing is performed 36.41 times/second. Values of Ienable are:
  1. no current conversion
  2. current conversion enabled
  3. current conversion and accumulation
  4. current conversion and accumulation with EEPROM backup

offset

read-write, integer
Correction for current readings. A value between -256 and 255. See the datasheet for details. Should be set to the negative of a true zero current reading.

pages/page.0 ... pages/page.7.html pages/page.ALL

read-write, binary
Memory is split into 8 pages of 8 bytes each. Only the pages 3-7 are really available, and some of that appears to be reserved. See the datasheet for details.
ALL is an aggregate of the pages. Each page is accessed sequentially.

temperature

read-only, floating point
Temperature read by the chip at high resolution (~13 bits). Units are selected from the invoking command line. See owfs(1) or owhttpd(1) for choices. Default is Celsius. Conversion takes ~20 msec.

udate

read-write, unsigned integer
Time represented as a number. udate increments once per second.
Usually set to unix time standard: number of seconds since Jan 1, 1970. The date field will be the unix representation (ascii text) of udate and setting either will change the other.

Vad Vdd

read-only, floating point
Voltage read (~10 bits) at the one of the chip’s two supply voltages. Range VDD= 2.4V to 10V, VAD=1.5.html to 10V.

Standard Properties

address

r_address

read-only, ascii
The entire 64-bit unique ID. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
address starts with the family code
r address is the address in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.

crc8

read-only, ascii
The 8-bit error correction portion. Uses cyclic redundancy check. Computed from the preceeding 56 bits of the unique ID number. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).

family

read-only, ascii
The 8-bit family code. Unique to each type of device. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).

id

r_id

read-only, ascii
The 48-bit middle portion of the unique ID number. Does not include the family code or CRC. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
r id is the id in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.

locator

r_locator

read-only, ascii
Uses an extension of the 1-wire design from iButtonLink company that associated 1-wire physical connections with a unique 1-wire code. If the connection is behind a Link Locator the locator will show a unique 8-byte number (16 character hexidecimal) starting with family code FE.
If no Link Locator is between the device and the master, the locator field will be all FF.
r locator is the locator in reverse order.

present

read-only, yes-no
Is the device currently present on the 1-wire bus?
Note, this means that each hex byte (2 characters) is reversed, not the text string.

type

read-only, ascii
Part name assigned by Dallas Semi. E.g. DS2401 Alternative packaging (iButton vs chip) will not be distiguished.

Alarms

None.

Description

1-Wire

1-wire is a wiring protocol and series of devices designed and manufactured by Dallas Semicondictor, Inc. The bus is a low-power low-speed low-connector scheme where the data line can also provide power.

Each device is uniquely unalterably numbered during manufacture. There is a wide variety of devices, including memory, sensors (humidity, temperature, voltage, contact, current), switches, timers, loggers, and more complex devices (like thermocouple sensors) can be built wit hte basic devices. There are also 1-wire devices that have encryption included.

The 1-wire bus is accessed via one of a number of serial, parallel or USB adapters.

OWFS design

OWFS is a suite of programs that fundementally make the 1-wire bus and its devices easily accessible. The underlying priciple is to create a virtual filesystem, with the unique ID being the directory, and the individual properties of the device files.

There is optional data caching to improved performance, but possible confusion over stale data.

Ds2438

The DS2438 (3) is a more complete form of the DS2436 battery chip. Current sensing is availble, but not implemented. The major advantage compared to the DS2436 is that two voltages can be read, allowing correcting circuit nmeasurements to supply voltage and temperature. A better comparison is the DS276x family of chips.

Addressing

All 1-wire devices are factory assigned a unique 64-bit address. This address is of the form:
Family Code
8 bits
Address
48 bits
CRC
8 bits

Addressing under OWFS is in hexidecimal, of form:
01.123456789ABC

where 01 is an example 8-bit family code, and 12345678ABC is an example 48 bit address.

The dot is optional, and the CRC code can included. If included, it must be correct.

Datasheet

http://pdfserv.maxim-ic.com/en/ds/DS2438.pdf
http://pdfserv.maxim-ic.com/en/an/humsensor.pdf

See Also

Programs

owfs (1) owhttpd (1) owftpd (1) owserver (1)

Language bindings

owtcl (3) owperl (3)

Clocks

DS1427 (3) DS1904(3) DS1994 (3) DS2404 (3) DS2404S (3) DS2415 (3) DS2417 (3)

ID

DS2401 (3) DS1990A (3)

Memory

DS1982 (3) DS1985 (3) DS1986 (3) DS1991 (3) DS1992 (3) DS1993 (3) DS1995 (3) DS1996 (3) DS2431 (3) DS2433 (3) DS2502 (3) DS2506 (3) DS2804 (3)

Switches

DS2405 (3) DS2406 (3) DS2408 (3) DS2409 (3) DS2413 (3)

Temperature

DS1822 (3) DS18B20 (3) DS18S20 (3) DS1920 (3) DS1921 (3) DS1821 (3)

Humidity

DS1922 (3)

Voltage

DS2450 (3)

Resistance

DS2890 (3)

Multifunction

DS2436 (3) DS2438 (3) DS2760 (3)

Counter

DS2423 (3)

LCD Screen

LCD (3) DS2408 (3)

Crypto

DS1977 (3)

Availability

http://owfs.sourceforge.net

Author

Paul Alfille (palfille@earthlink.net)


Table of Contents

© 2003-4 Paul H. Alfille and The owfs Team
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